Across the world, rail is undergoing something of a renaissance, with demand propelled by a number of converging trends. Digital evolution, climate change, increasing demand, rapid urbanization… these mega-trends all have major implications for the future shape of rail, pulling it in new directions. One essential trend is digital transformation that is visibly marked by the emergence of the concept Railway 4.0 and Digital Railway. Mobile applications, e-ticketing, digital train control, signalling and traffic management, digital platforms for predictive maintenance are the key areas of digital economy in the rail sector. This requires future-proof, fiber-based connectivity, evolved mobile technologies and innovative satellite solutions, implementing 5G networks and beyond (B5G/6G).
These communication infrastructures as well as other key digital technologies (artificial Intelligence, big data, cloud computing, internet of things, etc.) will not only contribute to the digitization of current rail industry, but also trigger innovative digital business models to create new value chains for consumers and businesses.